How To Prevent Viral Diseases?


Nowadays everybody wants to know how to stay safe from viral infections including flu and common cold. Especially children and eldelry are the ones who face dangerous complications of these infections. To understand safety protocol first we must know basics of why infections occur?

Infections result from the invasion of pathogens that include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Among these viruses are responsible for deadliest diseases on the planet today including AIDs. Viruses contain small fragments of genetic material that are enveloped in a protein coat and sometimes covered. Being this dangerous it comes as a surprise that viruses cannot reproduce or replicate on their own probably because they have a simple structure.

Therefore these infectious organisms end up using a host body for reproduction and multiplication. They not only replicate in the host body but in this process, they destroy host cells and cause damage by producing symptoms of associated disease and infections. To find the best general physician in Pakistan visit

Transmission of Viruses

Viral diseases are highly contagious and tend to spread from person to person and also from expectant mother to baby during pregnancy. Viruses can be transmitted via:

  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • Touching
  • Sexual intimacy
  • Insects
  • Food or drinks that are contaminated

Viral Diseases

Viruses are the cause of many diseases in humans. These also affect animals and birds. Diseases caused by viruses in humans include:

  • Yellow fever
  • Measles, Mumps, Rubella
  • Chickenpox
  • AIDs
  • Dengue fever
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
  • Rabies
  • Polio
  • Herpes
  • Cold sores
  • Hepatitis
  • Influenza
  • Mumps and shingles

Ho To Stay Safe From Viral Diseases?

If you want to steer clear of viral infections or infections of any sort for that matter you have to understand how these are transmitted. Although little is known why and how these organisms get into the body but are known that their main point of entry is through openings of the body that include the mouth, nose, genital openings, eyes, and broken skin. The best prevention is, therefore, to stop these from entering into the body.

Maintain Good Hygiene 

The primary step in staying safe from infections is to maintain good personal hygiene. Instil these habits in your children right from the start so they fall into the habit of practising it. Wash your hands with a quality soap before eating, after using the restroom, and attending to babies or sick people. Keep a sanitise hand on your home and workplace. Eat foods that are well cooked, vegetables and fruits should always be washed thoroughly before usage.


Getting vaccinated against preventable diseases is an essential step to avoid these. Get your kids and yourself vaccinated against these diseases. Vaccines are safe and getting these done from a health professional bears no risk to life or wellness.

Practice Travel Safety

While travelling be equipped with information about your itinerary. If there are disease breakouts avoid high-risk areas. Get vaccinated for typhoid, and other diseases that can be prevented by vaccination. Do not eat or drink foods on the street. Drink pasteurised milk only and avoid milk products sold locally. Also, be watchful in the use of ice while travelling.

Practice Food-Safety

Do not share food or drinks with infected people or among groups. This increases the probability of getting infections.

Sexual Contacts

Viral infections like HIV and hepatitis can spread via sexual contact. Practising precaution and staying aware of your health status is necessary for the safety of you and your partner.

Bug-Borne Infections

Many viruses are transmitted via bugs like mosquito and ticks. Take special measures to protect you and your family against these bugs and hence infections.


Animals like rodents and dogs can transmit several viruses including those causing rabies. Therefore it is of utmost importance to seek pest-control help if you have rodent-infested living space. Stay away from wild animals and always have your pets vaccinated as per recommendations.

Stay-away from Sick people

Tending to sick people is required sometimes but avoid all those you can. After and while attending to patients wear a mask and do not forget to wash hands afterwards.

Avoid Touching Eyes And Nose

Do not touch your eyes or nose repeatedly. You can transmit infectious organisms and allergens. Always blow your nose while washing up and clean thoroughly afterwards. If you have flu stay away from others especially babies and the elderly.

Besides these staying hydrated, eating a healthy diet, and getting a goodnight’s sleep go a long way in fortifying your immune system against diseases and diseases causing agents.

In case of any ailment you can find and consult the best health specialists near you via marham. You can avail the facility of audio or video consultation and ask questions free of cost using our facebook group.

Share This


Wordpress (0)