What are the Genres of Music?
We immediately warn that it
is very difficult to answer the question in one article what genres of music
are. So many genres have accumulated in the history of music that one cannot
even measure them with arshin: chorale, romance, cantata, waltz, symphony,
ballet, opera, prelude, etc.
For several decades,
musicologists have been breaking their spears, trying to classify musical
genres (by the nature of the content, by function, for example). But before
dwelling on typology, let us clarify the very concept of the genre.
What Is A Music Genre?
Genre is a kind of model with
which specific music is related. He has certain conditions of execution,
purpose, form, and nature of the content. So, the lullaby’s goal is to calm the
baby, therefore, “swaying” intonations and a characteristic rhythm are typical
for her; in march – all expressive means of music are adapted to a clear step.
Genres of Music: Classification
The simplest classification
of genres is by the way they are performed.
These are two large groups: instrumental (march, waltz,
etude, sonata, fugue, symphony)
vocal genres (aria, song,
romance, cantata, opera, musical).
Another typology of genres is
related to the performance environment. It belongs to A. Sohor – a scientist
who claims that there are genres of music:
Ritual and cult (psalms, mass, requiem) – they are characterized by
generalized images, the dominance of the choral principle and the same mood
among the majority of listeners.
Mass every day (varieties of song, march, and dance: polka, waltz,
ragtime, ballad, anthem) – differ in a simple form and familiar intonations
Concert genres (oratorio, sonata, quartet, symphony) –
characteristic performance in the concert hall, lyrical tone as the author’s
Theatrical genres (musical, opera, ballet) – require action, plot and
In addition, the genre itself
can be divided into other genres. So, opera-seria (“serious” opera)
and opera-buffa (comic) are also genres. At the same time, there are several
more varieties of opera that also form new genres (lyric opera, epic opera,
operetta, etc.) But to choose one for your you need a proper arrangement. First the best turntable under 1000, a lamp, a chair, paper, pen with soothing music around. Then you can actually pick your genre and just start experimenting with it.
You can write a whole book
about the names that genres of music have and how they appear. Names can tell
about the history of the genre: for example, the name “kryzhachok” is due to
the fact that the dancers were located on a cross. Nocturne (“night”
– translated from French) was performed at night in the open air. Some names
originate from the names of instruments others – from songs. Often music
receives the name of the genre when it is transferred to another medium.
like Malayalam music, it is a genre of its nature because of a certain texture
to it which the culture gives it. Learn more about its genre by downloading Malayalam songs download here. Another example of this can be the folk dance
– into ballet. But it happens the other way around: the composer takes the
theme “Seasons” and writes a work, and then this topic becomes a genre with a
certain form (4 seasons as 4 parts) and the nature of the content.
Talking about what genres of
music can be, one cannot fail to mention a common mistake. This is a confusion
in concepts when such styles as classical, rock, jazz, hip-hop are called
genres. It is important to remember that the genre is the scheme on the basis
of which the works are created, and the style most likely indicates the
features of the musical language of creation.